Hispano-Arab Horse (HA)
HISPANO-ARAB HORSE (HA) STUDBOOK
Above: Hispanico 56.25% – Multi-Champion Section A Hispano-Arab Stallion with Major Recommended Reproducer Status.
Born 2010, bred by Ramon Herero Valladolid. Sire:Alimoche 62.5%, Dam:Gemela 50%.
BAPSH Ltd STUDBOOK -Founded in 1987 and Affiliated in 1987 to the Hispano-Arab Horse (HA) Mother Studbook, Spain (FESCCR 1983 to 2007)
Introduction and Brief History of the Hispano-Arab Horse
Hispano-Arab Horse Breed Standard (2017)
Hispano-Arab Horse Studbook Structure
Hispano-Arab Horse – BAPSH Ltd Studbook Registration Parameters – Foals & Imports.
Hispano-Arab Horse Breed Improvement Programme In Brief with Link to Full Details.
Hispano-Arab Horse Pedigree & Data Records in the UK
INTRODUCTION AND A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE HISPANO-ARAB HORSE
The Product of Two very different Ancient Horse Breeds, the Purebred Spanish Horse and the Arab Horse
The Purebred Spanish Horse of the Iberian Peninsula
Above: Lovito IV – PRE Stallion Champion of Spain 2005
Horses have run wild in Spain for 20,000 years or more, their convex profiles depicted in ancient cave paintings, descendants of the ancestral equines which roamed both north and south of the pre-glacial land-bridge at Gibraltar which linked Spain to North Africa. The collapse of this land-bridge caused these aboriginal horses to evolve into two separate breeds with a common ancestry and evolutionary pressures, the Barb and the Spanish Horse; both breeds are classed as ‘Hot-Bloods’, strong, close coupled and agile, with convex outlines, able to thrive in such varied terrain as high, rough mountain slopes and lowland, marshy belts around the coastal deltas. Mitochondrial DNA studies show that the Barb and the Spanish Horse have the same distinct Iberian genetic lineage dating back at least 6,000 years, possibly much longer. (Mitochondrial DNA and the Origins of the Domestic Horse – Thomas Jansen et al, PNAS 06/08/2002)
The Spanish Horse, fiery and courageous, yet tractable and intelligent, was constantly desired as a horse of war for thousands of years. The Carthaginians of coastal Spain in the 6th century BC, famed for their mercenary cavalry units, and the all-conquering Roman cohorts who drew over one third of their remounts from the province of Hispania, extolled the courage and strength of the Spanish Horse.
The Muslim invasion of Spain in the 8th Century brought a small number of Moorish cavalry units into Spain mostly drawn from the North African Berbers and thus mounted on that very close relative of the Spanish Horse, the North African Barb. The Visigothic kingdom which the Moors invaded had a power base strongly centred around the Christian Church and much of the horse-breeding of the period was under monastic control. Not only did the invaders initially practice religious tolerance but also their understanding of the necessity of protecting suitable breeding stock allowed the Spanish Horse to survive intact and even after three centuries of Moorish dominion, the unmistakable stamp of the Spanish Horse remained very strong into the 12th Century and beyond
The Purebred Spanish Horse remained the most popular horse-breed in Europe until the late 18th Century. Records from the 16th, 17th and early 18th centuries stating the origins and desirability of Spanish Horses are numerous, and there was European wide demand for Spanish stallions for riding and as warhorses, and for use in the upgrading and establishment of local ‘National’ breeds; Spanish mares being kept purely for breeding and light farmwork.
The Arab Horse of the Arabian Peninsula
Above: Naborr, Arab stallion born 1950 in Russia.
Sold to Poland and then to USA where he sired 365 registered foals, and many Champions
Arabians are another extremely old horse breed. The progenitor stock of the concave profiled ‘Oriental type’ or “Proto-Arabian” was believed to be ancient wild horses with oriental characteristics similar to the modern Arabian, and horses with these features appear in rock paintings and inscriptions in the Arabian Peninsula dating back 3500 years. Throughout the Near East ancient historical manuscripts and carvings depict horses with small concave-profiled heads and high-carried tails, particularly in the artwork of Ancient Egypt in the 16th century BC (3,600 yrs ago). Some scholars of the Arabian horse once theorized that the Arabian came from a separate subspecies of horse, but mitochondrial DNA studies suggest that the modern Arab Horse has at least 10 genetically diverse maternal lineages. (Mitochondrial DNA and the Origins of the Domestic Horse – Thomas Jansen et al, PNAS 06/08/2002)
There are many different theories about the origins of the Arab Horse but it is the desert environment and Bedouin culture that ultimately shaped the development of the breed. Domesticated horses in the desert had to cooperate with humans who were the only source of food and water and when these were in short supply the horses were fed on camel’s milk and dates. Arab Horses were bred to be warhorses for desert warfare, combining speed, endurance, soundness, and intelligence. Weak individuals were weeded out of the breeding pool, and the animals that remained were also honed by centuries of human warfare. Most raids required stealth, so mares were preferred over stallions as they were quieter, and therefore would not give away the position of the fighters. A good disposition was also critical; prized war mares were often brought inside family tents to prevent theft and for protection from weather and predators. Most stallions were sold or culled with only the very best kept for breeding, and the traditional pedigrees of Arab Horses are traced by the Bedouins through the female lines rather than the male. Though appearance was not necessarily a survival factor, the Bedouin bred for refinement and beauty in their horses as well as for all the more practical features required in desert warhorses.
Spain In The 19th Century – the Beginnings of the Hispano-Arab Horse
Multiple wars were fought across Spain in the 19th Century and many studfarms disappeared as a result, which substantially reduced the numbers of the Purebred Spanish Horse in Spain. In 1822 the Spanish Military organisation, the Cria Caballar, was formed to control and promote horse-breeding across Spain.
A need for swift light cavalry horses resulted in a change of direction for the national Spanish horse-breeding programme and Queen Isabel II of Spain sent representatives to the deserts of the Middle East to purchase Arabian horses and by 1847 had established a stud book; her successor, King Alfonso XII imported additional bloodstock from other European nations. By 1893, the state military stud-farm of the Yeguada Militar (Cria Caballar) in Cordoba was breeding both Arab Horses and Purebred Spanish Horses and combining the two breeds to produce horses for the light cavalry units.
This was the founding point of the Hispano-Arab Horse breed in Spain which went on to become a very versatile and widely used working breed out on the farms and countryside, mainly dealing with the fast and aggressive Spanish fighting cows and bulls. The breeding records, parentage and pedigrees, if kept at all, remained in the hands of the HA breeding studfarms, and the HA breed did not gain a central Spanish National Hispano-Arab Studbook until 1986, almost 100 years later.
First Modern HA Imports to UK and Development of the HA by BAPSH Ltd
The first Hispano-Arab Horses, Cenicienta and her filly foal Bandera, were imported into the UK in 1980 by Desi Lorent, and these two and Cenicienta’s subsequent foals by PRE Stallion, Alcor IV, were registered as Partbred PREs with the British Andalusian Horse Society (established September 1982, affiliated to Jefatura de Cria Caballar -Spanish Mother Studbook for PRE s & other Spanish Breeds – in 1983)
However, in the summer of 1984 three senior officials of the Jefatura de Cria Caballar visited Great Britain to assess all our potential breeding stock and it was noted that some of the Andalusian Horses in the UK were a blend of Arab and Andalusian / Purebred Spanish Horse (PRE) blood, ie Hispano-Arabs, and therefore ineligible for the Purebred Spanish Horse Studbook. In 1986, as a consequence of this discovery, the Jefatura de Cria Caballar informed the British Andalusian Horse Society (now known as BAPSH Ltd) that they were forming a Studbook especially for horses of this blood mix and invited our organisation to create the first Studbook for the Hispano-Arab outside Spain. This invitation was accepted and our organisation’s regulations were changed to specifically include the Hispano-Arab.
The British daughter Studbook for the Hispano-Arab was opened in 1987 and founded with three stallions, Piyayo 50% (imported from Spain in Sept 1984), Maupassant 50% (son of Cenicienta and Alcor IV), and Abrego 50%, and two mares, Ultima 50% and Eleanor 50% (full-sister to Maupassant), who were all approved for breeding by the Jefatura de Cria Caballar delegation on 1st August 1987. Since this date the Spanish Studbook regulations for the Hispano-Arab Horse have been followed in the UK, and BAPSH Ltd (BAHS) has worked closely with the Jefatura de Cria Caballar for the inscription of HA foals and the Grading for Breeding Approval (Valoration) of HA breeding stock.
In the 1990s the BAHS changed its title to ‘The British Association for the Purebred Spanish Horse’ (BAPSH) to reflect the approved modern name of our core breed, the Purebred Spanish Horse, but the dedication to the Hispano-Arab was not affected by this name change. Responding to changes in EU Equine legislation, the BAPSH became a Limited Company in April 2002 and the legal documentation of the new Company Memorandum and Articles specifically detailed representation of the Hispano-Arab as well as the PRE. To comply with British Equine Law BAPSH also applied for approval from the Ministry of Agriculture (DEFRA) to become a Passport Issuing Organisation for the PRE Horse and its partbreds, and the Hispano-Arab Horse. This application was approved and BAPSH Ltd was issued with the UELN code of 826003. Following upon achieving PIO status we reconfirmed our affiliation to the Jefatura de Cria Caballar, now renamed the FESCCR, as a daughter studbook for both the PRE and the Hispano-Arab. BAPSH continued to provide all the required Studbook services for the HA to enable dual registration of foals in the UK Studbook and the Spanish Studbook, and to hold National Championship classes for the Hispano-Arab each year.
Spanish Studbook – Change of Management
During 2006 it became clear that the FESCCR would be closed down and the 7 National Studbooks for Spanish Horse Breeds which the FESCCR had managed for a 100 years would be looking for new management organisation in Spain. The last UK Grading (Valoration) visit by the Cria Caballar delegation took place in May 2006 during which 3 Hispano-Arabs were approved for breeding.
The future of the Hispano-Arab Mother Studbook in Spain was very unclear at this time; the breed was so small numerically that management was a barely viable financial proposition for any organisation. Towards the end of 2007 the FESCCR sent us contact details for the Unión Española de Ganaderos de Pura Raza Hispano-Árabe (UEGHá), and we wrote to request affiliation to this breeder organisation in the understanding that the UEGHá was to become the Mother Studbook for the Hispano-Arab. Unfortunately we never received a response. As a result the BAPSH Ltd made the difficult decision to continue our PIO and daughter Studbook duties for the Hispano-Arab in Britain without support from Spain rather than close our 20 year old HA Studbook.
In 2011 the need for official Valoration/Grading of HA youngstock by impartial experts was becoming urgent and BAPSH Ltd wrote to the UEGHá again with a request for affiliation, copies of the letter were sent to DEFRA, and the MARM (Spanish Ministry of Agriculture). There was no response. BAPSH requested assistance from DEFRA in early 2012, and DEFRA contacted MARM and UEGHá. Unfortunately matters did not progress as hoped, and in 2013 BAPSH Ltd ceased attempts to work with the UEGHá directors, and advised the UEGHá that HA breeders in the UK would now contact their organisation directly for new foal registration/passports, and the Grading of HA youngstock for Breeding Approval.
Hispano-Arab breeding in the UK has declined over the past 8 years. Just eight HA foals have been born and registered directly with UEGHá, using their Spanish-language documentation, between 2013 and 2016, and none since 2016. The UEGHá has not organised any Hispano-Arab Gradings/ Valorations in the UK, so it is currently 14 years since the last HA Grading was held in the UK. and this is a source of great frustration for HA Breeders in the UK who cannot breed the next generation of HA foals from their un-graded horses.
BREXIT has many consequences, one of them is the implementation of the Zootech Regulation that requires ALL UK Born Foals to be registered into a UK Studbook before it is possible to register them in any European Studbook; this includes the need to register all Hispano-Arab foals born in the UK into a recognised UK Studbook for their Breed before they can be registered with UEGHá Studbook in Spain. BAPSH Ltd has just had its fully revised Hispano-Arab Breeding Programme for the UK Approved by DEFRA, and BAPSH will be dual registering future HA foals with UEGHá in the same manner as PRE foals are dual registered with BAPSH and the ANCCE-LGPRE.
UK Equine Law Takes Precedence for UK resident Hispano-Arab Horses
It is important to note that Hispano-Arab Horses resident in the UK are subject to UK Equine Law first and foremost. After BREXIT, the requirements of Spanish Equine Law for HA Horses are secondary as we are no longer part of Europe. Sometimes these two sets of Equine legislation do not quite match up. This makes for complex paperwork requirements and you are encouraged to spend some time reading through the advice, information, and example documents on this Website so that you understand what forms you may need for a particular job or Service, how to fill out the forms correctly, and what supporting documentation you may need to accompany your form/s. Receipt of accurately completed application forms, with all the data required, signed and dated by you, will significantly speed up processing in the BAPSH Registry Office and may save you money too by preventing potential extra charges for additional time required to correct errors and obtain missing paperwork.
HISPANO-ARAB HORSE BREED STANDARD
Translated into English by Mary McBryde, BAPSH Ltd
Above: Ansarito CD 50% – Hispano-Arab Stallion with Major Recommended Reproducer Status, and Multi-Champion in Spain. Sire:Alcaravan 75%, Dam:Ansarita (Auxillary Register)
The racial prototype of the Hispano-Arab horse may be determined by the following characteristics:
a) General Characteristics
The Hispano-arab is well-proportioned, compact and muscular with a slender silhouette, harmoniously put together and with light and airy movements. In general the characteristics of the Breed are quite variable but this is no cause for disqualification or objection. The conformation is characterised by its overall harmony with a silhouette of elegance and distinction, combined with a clear orientation and aptitude for competitive sport.
b) Morphological Characteristics
Head – Pyramidal and of medium size.
Forehead – profile straight or slightly convex, and wide.
Ears – mobile and of medium size. discreetly separated and their tips with a tendency to approach (turn inwards).
Eyes – rounded, full face and expressive, with marked orbital arches.
Lower Face – Straight profile or discretely sub-convex.
Mandibles with rounded edge and plenty of space between them.
Nostrils rounded with some forward projection and fine Lips.
Neck – lightweight, elongated and gently arched at the top edge. Well connected to the head and to the body with a high insertion.
Body – Strong and deep.
Withers – prominent and lengthy.
Back – slightly curved.
Loins – broad, muscular and horizontal; well united forward and back.
Croup – long, strong and slightly inclined (with an angle around 25degrees).
Breast deep, and Thorax elliptical with gently arched ribs, wide flanks and tucked up belly.
Extremities – Legs of a length proportional to the body and correctly aligned.
Front-Legs: Shoulder-blades long and oblique, providing long and strong upper-arm and forearm, cannon-bones and pasterns short with dry, defined and proportional tendons; knees and fetlocks large and well defined, wide hooves with medium heels, and in the same plane as the pasterns (with an angle around 45 degrees).
Hind-Legs: well developed thighs, wide buttocks, and long second thighs. The lower-legs have characteristics analogous to those described for the front-legs
c) Functional Characteristics – The combination of physiological endowments from the gaits of the two parental breeds, provide the Hispano-Arab horse with a wide range of movements, characterized by three large-striding, regular, rhythmic and balanced gaits, resulting in agile and distinctive movements.
d) Phenotype Characteristics – Coat fined and short. The dominant coat colours are Greys, Chestnuts, and Bays; other colours are admissible.
e) Behavioural Characteristics – They are extremely docile animals, easy to handle and prompt rapport with riders and caretakers. They have an active and quick response temperament, sober and tough, able to overcome adverse situations without great effort. Ease of learning.
f) Aptitudes – It is an excellent saddle horse, very versatile and capable of satisfying all kinds of riders in any sport and /or leisure discipline. This special predisposition for sport makes it stand out in disciplines such as Doma Vaquera (Spanish Cowboy Dressage), Cattle Work, Three-Day Eventing, Endurance (Raid), Doma Clasica (Dressage), and Driving. It is also a breed with a temperament very suitable for equestrian parades and group sports.
g) Disqualifying Defects – In general, defects are assessed as those that are specific to the race according to the present Breed Standard, and those that are defects for equine species, and whether the defects are morphological, physiological or behavioural.In particular, disqualifying defects will be the presence of a collapsing neck crest or a collapsed neck crest; non-accidental cryptorchidism or monorchidism.
Below: Grullo 65.67% – Section A Hispano-Arab Stallion with Elite Reproducer Status in 2019. Bred by Tomas Leon Domec. Sire:Relampago 68.75%, Dam:Grulla 62.50%.
HISPANO-ARAB HORSE STUDBOOK STRUCTURE
The BAPSH Ltd Studbook for Hispano-Arab Horses in the UK and Ireland follows the regulations and composition of the UEGHá Mother Studbook for Hispano-Arab Horses, Spain, which are legislated by the Government of Spain.
REGULATIONS SPECIFIC TO THE HISPANO-ARAB HORSE MOTHER STUDBOOK, SPAIN AND IN USE BY BAPSH Ltd, UK.
HISPANO-ARAB STUDBOOK DIVISIONS
The Breeding Book is composed of a Main Section (Seccion Principal) made up of the Birth Register and the Definitive Register, as well as an Annexed Section containing the Auxiliary Register
The only allowed parents will be horses registered in the Hispano-Arab Studbook Definitive Registry (Apto), Purebred Spanish Horses Approved for Breeding (Apto), and Purebred Arab horses previously authorized by the Governing Committee of the HA breed.
The allowed Matings are:-
1. A parent of the HA race with another of the same race,
2. HA with a PRE,
3. HA with a Purebred Arab
4. If either parent is from the HA Studbook Auxiliary Register, the other parent must be from the Hispano-Arab Studbook Definitive Registry.
5. Matches between Purebred Spanish Horses (Apto), and Purebred Arab horses will also be allowed.
See Table 1 below. Possible Parents in Orange. Possible Progeny in Black.
PARENTS HA PRE Arab R.Auxillary
HA HA (A,B)* HA (B) HA (B) HA (B)
PRE HA (B) – HA (B) –
Arab HA (B) HA (B) – –
R.Auxillary HA (B) – – –
* Dependant upon the conditions described in the Studbook Regulations
Division of the Birth Register:-
All the HA foals will be inscribed into the Birth Register, which consists of two sections depending on the type of mating, and the percentage that results from the arithmetic mean of the Arab blood of their parents. In this way they are described:
Section A:- Horses that meet the following requirements will be recorded in this section.
a.Which have a percentage of Arab blood between 25% and 75% inclusive
b.Which have both parents inscribed into the Definitive Register of the HA Studbook
c.Which have grandparents inscribed into the Definitive Registers of the Studbooks of the permitted breeds.
Section B:- Horses that do not meet any of the requirements to register in section A will be registered in this section.
The horses produced by a reproducer of the HA Definitive Registry and a reproducer of the Auxiliary Registry of HA Studbook will also be registered in this section, being registered with half the percentage of Arab blood of the parent belonging to the HA Definitive Registry.
For both Sections, the percentage of Arab blood calculated is added as a continuation of the name of the horse and will be determined by the arithmetic mean of the percentages of their ascendants.
CLICK HERE FOR HA FOAL REGISTRATION & INSCRIPTION WITH BAPSH Ltd & UEGHá – Link Not Active at the Moment (01/07/2020)
Above: Gramola 37.5% – Hispano-Arab mare with her foal behind her.
It is divided into two Sections in the same way as the Birth Register:
Section A:- For those potential breeding horses from the Birth Register Section A, who have reached three years of age, conform to the racial prototype specified in the Hispano-Arab Breed Standard and undergo the regulatory evaluation (Grading) for potential breeding horses in the specific assessment of the HA breed, in accordance with the current Hispano-Arab Grading (Valoración) Regulations approved by MAPA, Spain, obtaining the category of Approved for Breeding (Apto Reproductor).
Section B:- For those potential breeding horses from the Birth Register Section B, who have reached three years of age, conform to the racial prototype specified in the Hispano-Arab Breed Standard and undergo the regulatory evaluation (Grading) for potential breeding horses in the specific assessment of the HA breed, in accordance with the current Hispano-Arab Grading (Valoración) Regulations approved by MAPA, Spain, obtaining the category of Approved for Breeding (Apto Reproductor.
CLICK HERE FOR INFORMATION & APPLICATION FORMS FOR HA BREEDING APPROVAL (GRADING) IN THE UK – This link is Not yet Active – July 2020
For Both Section A and B, the horses that do not undergo the Evaluation (Grading) remain registered in the corresponding section of the Birth Register. Horses that at the time [of their evaluation] were declared unsuitable for breeding [Non-Apto], but in their documented sporting career since their evaluation have obtained outstanding functional results in some official sports discipline, may be Approved for Breeding after being evaluated for approval by the Governing Committee of the HA breed established for this purpose by the managing entity of the Purebred Hispano-Arab Studbook of Spain (Currently this is the UEGHá)
Above: Decana 25% – MRR Status Mare in 2019. Bred by Yeguada Militar and competing successfully in Eventing. Sire:Isleño 50%, Dam:Recta (PRE)
For both Sections A & B of the Definitive Register there will be the following Reproductive Registries:
Register of Young Recommended Reproducers (JRR): For those horses in the Definitive Register aged between 4 and 6 years, that through the evaluation of the results generated in the performance controls established in the HA Breeding Program together with the genealogical data, obtain a genetic index higher than the threshold established for the character or aptitude of this breed.
Register of ‘Calificado’ Reproducers: For those horses in the Definitive Register that by evaluating the results generated in the performance controls established in the HA Breeding Program, they obtain a genetic index higher than the threshold established for the character or aptitude of this breed, and that, after 7 years, they exceed the specific morphological, functional, reproductive and health requirements established in the HA Breeding Program for the ‘Calificado’ Evaluation.
Register of Major Reproducers (MRR): For those horses in the Definitive Register with a minimum number of progeny Approved for Breeding, a genetic index higher than the threshold established for the character or aptitude of this breed, and a minimum reliability index in the HA Breeding Program.
Register of Elite Reproducers: For those horses in the Definitive Register more than 7 years old, who have obtained the category of Major Reproducer according to the criteria established by the present HA Breeding Program, and that he and his descendants have also stood out for sporting merits and / or official tests established by the Breeders Association The obtaining of any of the above indicated categories will be included in the reference information for the horses in the HA Studbook and will be recorded in the horse’s Equine Identification Document (Passport)
For those Mares whose complete genealogy is unknown, who demonstrate remarkable morphological and functional qualities by passing the Hispano-Arab reproductive evaluation in accordance with the current Hispano-Arab Grading (Valoración) Regulations.
[NOTE: Several of the MRR and Elite Stallions whose photos appear on this page have Auxillary Register Mares as their dams]
In the case of Stallions [whose complete genealogy is unknown], in addition to passing the above evaluation, they must demonstrate, through documented sporting careers, outstanding functional results in some official discipline, this documented sporting evidence will be assessed by the Governing Committee of the HA breed established for this purpose by the managing entity of the Purebred Hispano-Arab Studbook of Spain (Currently this is the UEGHá) before the decision is made whether to grant Approval for Breeding or not.
The descendants of the horses inscribed in this Auxillary Register will be able to inscribed into the Birth Register Section B as long as they come from a mating to a mare or stallion registered in the Definitive Register of the HA breed. All these products will be registered with a percentage of Arab blood equivalent to half the percentage of the HA parent.
CHANGES TO REGISTERED INFORMATION ABOUT OWNERS IN THE UK, eg New Address or Surname, OR TO INFORMATION HELD ABOUT A HORSE IN THE UK, eg Gelding, Sale/Purchase, Death, MUST BE NOTIFIED TO THE BAPSH Ltd REGISTRY OFFICE WITHIN 30 DAYS IN ORDER TO COMPLY WITH UK EQUINE LAW – CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION AND LINKS TO FORMS.
HISPANO-ARAB HORSE – BAPSH Ltd STUDBOOK
REGISTRATION PARAMETERS FOR THE UK
HISPANO-ARAB FOALS – MORE DETAIL
CLICK HERE to go to the HA FOAL REGISTRATION PROCEDURE PAGE – Link Not Active at the Moment (01/07/2020)
Above:CR Ramilla 50% – CALIFICADO Status Hispano-Arab Mare, bred & owned by Eileen Brooks, UK.
Sire:Crusader (Arab), Dam:Mill Orgullosa (PRE).
A Foal (or Horse) will be registered into the HA Studbook providing the following criteria are met:-
a) the Foal’s parents are:-
i) ‘APTO’ HA and/or PRE and registered in the Definitive or Permanent Register of their respective Mother Studbooks,
ii) An Arab Sire or Dam which has been Approved by the UEGHá governing body as acceptable for use in the HA Breeding Programme.
b) the relevant Studbook Covering Certificate (Breeding & Birth Certificate) HA, PRE, or Arab, has been issued with the correct Stallion and Mare Ownership data and signatures for the registered Owners at the date of the covering and a copy was sent to BAPSH Ltd in the year of covering or with late fees if submitted after December 1st,
c i) the person submitting the Breeding & Birth Certificate to BAPSH Ltd is the registered Owner of the mare at the date of the foal’s birth and the Owner has an UEGHá or FESCCR Breeder Code for the UK, or,
c ii) the foal has been sold to another person with an UEGHá or FESCCR Breeder Code who submits the Breeding & Birth Certificate to BAPSH Ltd with the bottom section – ‘Notification of Progeny Ownership Transfer’ – completed and signed by the Mare Owner (Breeder of the Foal) and the new Foal Owner.
d) the registration documentation, microchip insertion, and DNA Blood samples are completed correctly by the UEGHá/ANCCE Authorised Vet and the Owner and submitted to BAPSH Ltd,
g) the correct Fees are paid including any accumulated Late Fees for failure to return the compketed registration documents and DNA sample by the date the Foal is 5 months old.
Below: Bailarina 50% – 2yr old Hispano-Arab filly, bred by Mary Parton-Wright, UK.
Sire: Balconero II (PRE), Dam:Fraiyha (Arab)
IMPORTED HISPANO-ARAB HORSES – MORE DETAIL
All Hispano-Arab Horses which are registered in any Register of the UEGHá -Spanish HAStudbook (Mother Studbook), regardless of their country of origin, will be accepted into the relevant register of the BAPSH Ltd Hispano-Arab Horse Studbook when their Imported Horse Registration application with BAPSH Ltd is completed.
When IMPORTING A HORSE FROM THE EU OR OTHER COUNTRY – THE IMPORTED HORSE MUST BE REGISTERED WITH THE UK PIO FOR THAT BREED OR TYPE WITHIN 30 DAYS OF ARRIVAL IN THE UK AND THE PASSPORT UPDATED WITH THE NEW OWNER’S DETAILS AND OVERSTAMPED BY THE UK PIO.
CLICK HERE for the FULL INFORMATION ON PROCEDURES & THE APPLICATION FORM for registering IMPORTED Hispano-Arab Horses (HAs) Horses into the UK Studbook and DEFRA Central Equine Database.
HISPANO-ARAB HORSE BREED IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMME
Above: Cautivo MVB II 50% – Hispano-Arab Stallion with MRR status and Multiple Championships.
Sire: Iluso 75% (MRR & Elite), Dam:Cautiva (Auxillary Register)
General Aims of the BAPSH Ltd Hispano-Arab Studbook operated in the UK on behalf of DEFRA:-
1.To follow and promote the established Hispano-Arab Breeding Program and regulations that originate with the Spanish Mother Studbook, Unión Española de Ganaderos de Pura Raza Hispano-árabe (UEGHá), and which are approved by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA).
2.To promote, administer and regulate the breeding of the HA, within the British Isles and Ireland, to the highest levels of honesty, integrity and ethics.
3.To treat equally all HA registered with BAPSH and not accept nor apply any form of discrimination regardless of the horse’s country of origin.
4.To ensure that all equines which are eligible for entry into the Studbook will be treated equally without discrimination on account of their country of origin.
The Hispano-Arab Breed Improvement Programme is operated by the UEGHá Mother Studbook authorised by the Spanish Government which legislates on all matters concerning the Hispano-Arab Horse.
See attached document – HISPANO-ARAB IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM – UEGHa (Mother Studbook, Spain) Anexo II – Programa Mejora del Caballo Hispano Árabe’ of the Spanish Royal Decree 2129/2008, published in the Bulletin of Spain (BOE) on 26/12/2008
(Translated from Spanish to English by Ms Marilyn Tennent on behalf of BAPSH Ltd)
Here is a short summary of the main features of the HA Breed Improvement Program (UEGHá), the full details of which can be read in the attached document.
1.Breeding Evaluation at Basic level (Basic Grading) – Mares and Stallions aged 3yrs or older are inspected by a Veterinary delegate from the mother Studbook (UEGHá). The inspection combines conformation measurements, a detailed linear-morphological conformation analysis, breed-type, temperament, movement at walk, trot and canter. The data from the inspection is given to each owner, and also entered into the UEGHá genetic analysis program.
Results of the analysis and competition results are published annually for each horse online in ‘book-form’ on the http://www.caballohispanoarabe.com website
2.Other levels of Breeding Evaluation and Genetic assessment are organised by the UEGHá in Spain.
i) Junior Recommended Reproducer (JRR) awarded to horses successful in
a) Doma Vaquera competitions
b) Top scores in Grading Morphology
ii) ‘Calificado’ Status Reproducer. Mares and Stallions over 7yrs old are inspected by a team of Assessors from the Spanish mother Studbook (UEGHá)
iii) Major Recommended (Improving) Reproducer (MRR)
a) Conformation & Movement
b) Doma Vaquera
iv) Elite Reproducer – over 7 years old. Determined by the genetic soundness and competition success of the progeny and the horse itself.
NB All HA horses have DNA samples stored for future analysis at the University of Cordoba Veterinary Laboratory in the event of the detection of genetic diseases within the breeding population worldwide.
Below Left: ELITE Stallion ZACATIN 62.5%, Sire:Sirocco (Arab), Dam:Recelosa 25% (HA).
Below Right: MRR Mare DECANA 25%, Sire:Isleño 50%, Dam:Recta (PRE)
HISPANO-ARAB HORSE PEDIGREES AND DATA RECORDS IN THE UK
The Maintenance of Accurate Pedigree and Data Records is an essential component of the BAPSH Ltd UK Breeding Program for DEFRA and is done in the following ways:-
The HA Mother Studbook, UEGHá, Spain, provides full access to their online pedigree and identity database for Hispano-Arab horses worldwide.
Two other breeds, the PRE and the Arab, contribute sires and dams to the HA Breeding Program.
The PRE Mother Studbook, ANCCE-LGPRE, Sevilla, Spain, provides BAPSH with full access to their online pedigree and identity database for PRE horses worldwide.
The Arab Horse Society of Gt Britain provides BAPSH with DNA data and pedigree information for Arab horses contributing to the HA Breeding Program.
These resources ensure that BAPSH has reliable pedigree and DNA identity records to utilise.
Checking HA sires/dams: –
The identity and pedigree of horses contributing to the HA Breeding Book are checked and confirmed several times in their lives;
1.HA, PRE, and Arab foals are microchipped, DNA typed and parentage tested and confirmed prior to registration in their respective Breeding Books.
2.HA and PRE horses presented for Breeding Approval (Grading) have their identity and parentage checked and confirmed by the authorised Grading Delegate Veterinarian.
3.Ha, PRE, and Arab horses imported into the UK have their microchips checked and markings recorded by a UK Vet within 30 days of arrival in the UK as part of the UK registration procedure for all three Breeding Books in the UK.
4.The identity of a HA, PRE, Arab sire/dam can be checked at any time via Microchip and/or DNA and the pedigree confirmed.
Hispano-Arab Breeding Book – Identity and Pedigree Records at BAPSH Ltd :-
1.Each registered horse has its physical paperwork document file at the BAPSH office.
2.Each horse has electronic data records for identity, passport, pedigree, DNA status, on the BAPSH Breeding Book computer database in the BAPSH office.
3.All Hispano-Arab Horse records are also held separately online with Equiventus Ltd to ensure data-backup.
4.Equiventus Ltd provides a searchable online system featuring 5 generation pedigree, progeny record, performance and genetic results/records for each horse.
BAPSH Ltd provides online and computer records, extensive paperwork files for all registered equines, cameras for recording equines, microchip scanners, equine measuring equipment, and dedicated staff.
Equiventus Ltd provides an online Breeding Book linked to the CED, online searchable pedigrees and other data, and Passports.
The Animal Health Trust, Newmarket provides DNA Typing of historic Blood samples stored for BAPSH from 1987 to 2007.
UEGHá, Spain, provides current identification services for HA foals via their appointed laboratory for DNA Typing and Parentage Testing.
Animal Genetics-UK provides DNA Coat Colour Genetics and Genetic Disease Testing.
PRE and HA Horses born in Spain prior to 2007 have samples stored at the University of Cordoba, Spain.
PRE Horses born throughout the world since 2007 have DNA samples stored by ANCCE-LGPRE in Spain.
HA Horses born since 2008 have DNA samples stored by UEGHá, Spain.
PRE & HA Horses born before 2007 in the UK have their DNA samples stored with the Animal Health Trust, Newmarket, England. From 2007 onwards the UK DNA samples for PRE horses have been sent to ANCCE-LGPRE for testing and storage, and samples for HA horses have been sent to UEGHá for testing and storage.
Above: Rohan Gil-galad 50% – CALIFICADO Graded Hispano-Arab Stallion.
Bred & owned by Val Ellingworth, UK.
Sire:Euclides (PRE), Dam:Demelka (Arab)