PRE Breeding Approval – GRADING Stallions & Mares
2018 – The Change in format of the UK Grading last year was a great success according to the Breeders and Owners who took part so we are continuing with the same format in 2018. There is just ONE Venue in the Centre of the UK with THREE Days of Grading Evaluations on the 20th, 21st & 22nd AUGUST 2018. The central Venue will allow more horses to be Graded each day, makes for a more relaxed environment for the horses, and provides a chance for owners to socialise and learn.
BAPSH expect to hold the Basic Grading in the Autumn from 2019 onwards so that Breeders and Youngstock have more chance to prepare properly during the long days of the summer months. Some Breeders/Owners will be concerned about the eligibility of their un-graded 4yr olds in the ANCCE affiliated classes at the National Show but this is actually a matter for the National Show Organisers.
The decision as to whether to accept 4yr olds at the GBPRE show in the ANCCE classes is up to the current Show organisers – GBPRE – Please see the ANCCE regulations below.
Article 29. Entry of Breeding Stock
Horses participating in the Sections 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 shall provide proof as breeding stock, at any and all competitions where they participate. Horses in Sections 7 and 8 may participate throughout the year in the qualifiers for the World Championship without being considered APPROVED as breeding stock; however, said horses shall unfailingly be required to show proof when participating in the Final. In all cases, revisions shall be carried out prior to the reception of the horses at any competition.
The 2018 Grading Forms and information and advice documents are available below
Purebred Spanish Horses (PREs) must be Approved for Breeding (referred to as ‘APTO’) by the Spanish Studbook at the Basic level and entered into the Permanent Register before they can be bred from. Any foals that are born from PRE horses that are not approved for breeding (NON-APTO) must be registered either as Partbred PREs or as Non-pedigree Register IV horses, depending upon the status of the other parent
The process of Approval for Breeding is referred to as the Basic Grading and in Spain it is called Valoracion Basico. The evaluation of the young horses is done by an ANCCE LGPRE trained equine veterinary surgeon (referred to as the Delegate) who is in the full time employment of ANCCE LGPRE. Most of these vets spend every day working with PRE breeders in Spain, Inscribing foals or evaluating horses for Basic Grading. The Delegate is a different person each year; we don’t know who is coming until a few days before the event starts.
CURRENT REQUIREMENTS FOR THE BASIC GRADING
1.Horses must have actually reached their THIRD Birthday or be older, ie. all horses born on or before 20th to 22nd AUGUST 2015 or earlier are eligible.
2a. The horse must be owned by a person who has an LGPRE BREEDER CODE. This ownership must be correct on the ANCCE LGPRE studbook (on www.lgancce.com) and should be correctly registered with BAPSH Ltd.
2b. If you need to change the LGPRE ownership of your horse to your Breeder Code via the LGPRE Service 619 process then you MUST now allow 4 weeks to do so before you can book your Grading slot – NEW LGPRE Rules.
3.There are a number of conformation faults, any one of which will lead to automatic Failure of the Basic Grading. These are known as DISQUALIFYING FAULTS and are detailed in the accompanying article on GRADING CRITERIA, along with the VERY SERIOUS FAULTS, and the SERIOUS FAULTS. Please read through the GRADING CRITERIA and then have a good look at your horse and try to make an objective assessment of him or her regarding the presence/absence of any Disqualifying Faults before you apply to get your horse Graded. If you need any help or advice regarding Disqualifying faults please email the BAPSH Registrar with your question/s.
VENUE & DATES
The Annual Grading in the UK has historically taken place in the last week of May and has been located in several venues but in 2017 we CHANGED the format of the UK Grading, and it was a great success. This year, 2018 we will follow the same format with just ONE Venue in the Centre of the UK holding THREE Days of Grading Evaluations on the 20th, 21st & 22nd AUGUST 2018. The central Venue will allow more horses to be Graded each day.
We expect the Basic Grading to become stabilised as an Autumn Event, probably in early September from 2019 onwards, allowing breeders and owners to spend all summer preparing their horses for this important event in their horse’s lives.
Applications for the 2018 Grading are now open. There is the usual sliding scale of fees with the cost going up per horse after 30th JUNE 2018.
There will be a MAXIMUM of 20 Horses per day accepted for 2018 Grading on a ‘first-come-first-served’ basis. Depending upon numbers, the plan is to have all Stallions on Monday 20th, and Mares on Tuesday & Wednesday. Where a mixed lorry-load of stallions and mares is unavoidable the mares will be seen at the end of Monday’s session after the stallions have all been seen.
Applications after the 30th June 2018 may be accepted on a case by case assessment and are charged at a higher fee.
Information below is based on the 2017 Grading Certificate amended with the Updates as given at the last SICAB Studbook Meeting
Here is a brief outline of changes in the Grading Criteria in the past 12 months. For details about the current combinations of Serious & Very Serious Faults that will result in a Pass or a Fail in the Basic Grading please read 2018 BASIC GRADING CRITERIA – DISQUALIFYING FAULTS etc . This document then goes on to list all the different conformation and type faults and how serious they are considered to be. It may be easier to understand what this document is referring to if you have at hand the following supporting documents:-
1. Basic Grading_Step By Step Photographic Record
2. 2018 BASIC GRADING Criteria Colour Coded for FAULTS which shows a version of the Grading Assessment form with each level of Fault coloured in a different hatching.
Naturally we all hope that our horses will have No Faults, but the perfect PRE doesn’t exist so it is important to realise that a good PRE with one or two Very Serious Defects can still be approved for Breeding.
NEW DISQUALIFYING FAULTS & VERY SERIOUS/ SERIOUS FAULTS.
APRIL 2017 – A NEW PRE BREED STANDARD WAS PUBLISHED by the Spanish Government. It has increased the seriousness of many faults, and added some new ones. Currently we don’t have the 2018 Grading Assessment document so this Grading Criteria document is based on the 2017 Grading Certificate plus amendments added from the November 2018 International Studbooks meeting at SICAB. The information below must be taken as a Guideline and not Definitive.
Melanomas in the Perineum are a SERIOUS FAULT
Crest of the Neck –
The Indication of an Incipient Fallen Crest is now a SERIOUS FAULT
An Incipient Fallen Crest is a VERY SERIOUS FAULT
Leg Conformation – 6 Leg Faults have been changed from Serious Faults to VERY SERIOUS FAULTS
Defects relating to loss of Pigmentation and Eye colour were added to the Grading Criteria in April 2016, but in April 2017 these defects were changed to 8 NEW DISQUALIFYING DEFECTS, 4 NEW VERY SERIOUS DEFECTS, and 4 NEW SERIOUS DEFECTS in the Basic Grading assessment parameters. These can be found highlighted in BOLD TYPE further down this page
WHITE MARKINGS & BLUE EYES – Breeders & Buyers of youngstock intended for Breeding, please TAKE NOTE that the majority of these New Faults relate to the longer WHITE Leg Markings found on some PREs still being marketed by some Spanish Studs as highly desirable, but a PRE with 1 long White Stocking Over most of the Knee or the Hock joint will FAIL the Basic Grading under the new criteria.
WHITE Leg-Marking Disqualifies when Over the HOCK or KNEE JOINT on Most Sides.
A WHITE PATCH 3cms or more in diameter on the body (this does not include white marks due to acquired scars), and WHITE over most of ONE Eye Orbit are NOW classed as DISQUALIFYING Faults.
BLUE EYES that are NOT associated with a Cream Dilution will now be classed as A DISQUALIFYING FAULT, also EYES of two Different Colours eg one blue and one brown.
PREPARING YOUR HORSE FOR GRADING
General – Your horse should be clean BUT NOT COVERED IN SHOWSHEEN or similar product! It is difficult to measure a very slippery horse !!
Trimming – Manes and Tails -Stallions and riding mares should have their manes and tails worn loose as shown by the young stallion on the left wearing the correct Spanish in-hand showing headgear called a ‘Serreta’, and the riding mare on the right who is wearing a sturdy but elegant Headcollar.
Hairy Fetlocks & Heels – should be neatly Trimmed. Long tufty hair sticking out of the ears should be trimmed short level with the ear edge, and any long winter hairs left on the jaw line should be removed .
Feeler whiskers do NOT need to be trimmed off – they are important to a horse’s sensory input.
Mare Manes and Tails – Potential Brood mares should have their manes and tails clipped in the traditional manner as shown in these three examples below of beautifully prepared traditionally clipped mares who have attended UK Basic Gradings over the past few years.
Hooves should be well shaped, and may be grown a little longer and deeper if there might be a height issue for your horse. You may also present a horse fully shod or shod in front only. Extra thick shoes are not acceptable and will be deducted from the wither measurement. It is preferable NOT to oil your horse’s feet.
Mares should be presented wearing a suitable strong Headcollar /Halter with a fixed ring attachment for the lead rope that gives good control or a Spanish Serreta as demonstrated by the two mares in the left and right photos above. Please do NOT use any form of rope halter such as the one shown in the middle photo above – to comply with health and safety requirements.
Stallions should be presented in a Spanish Serreta with a long leadline. Do not use a show halter with a chain under the jaw – these destroy the correct outline of a PRE.
You will need a 20ft Lunge line to clip to your horse’s headgear for the Movement Section plus a lunge whip or similar.
Handlers – Please wear smart but sensible clothes yourself – you are representing the UK breeders/owners of PREs to our visiting Spanish Delegate. BAPSH recommends that both male and female handlers wear smart but comfortable trousers, and jackets that do NOT flap about in the wind or when you are moving. Footwear should be sturdy and easy to run in.
TRAINING YOUR HORSE
It is IMPORTANT to give your Horse every advantage for the Grading by presenting your horse in good condition, nicely muscled with a smooth covering of fat to give the typical firmly rounded outline that we love in the PRE. Good manners and good behaviour are also very important – any horse behaving badly/dangerously can be dismissed un-graded by the Delegate.
There are 2 sections to train your horse for.
The Movement Section for the Grading process comprises walk, trot, and canter. It is VERY important to spend plenty of time practising with your horse in order to do this section as well as possible – you need to get 5 or more points out of 10 for each pace (less than this will count as a serious fault)
The Grading Delegate will be looking for the following
Walk in a straight line showing a four-beat walk that is active and tracks up well, PREFERABLY OVERTRACKING
Trot in a straight line showing good elevation, flexion, extension, and drive, and tracking up correctly, overtracking better. Some Delegates permit the horse to be trotted on a circle so it is advisable to practise both.
Canter on a lunge line in a circle – 3 or 4 well balanced circuits, ideally performed in a calm, WELL-BALANCED, but energetic manner, rounded and uphill.
In 2014 – some of the horses that failed their Grading would have passed if they had been trained and presented well for their movement section, ie., IF your horse collects 2 or 3 unnecessary ‘Serious Faults’ on its movement due to laziness, and then also gets 2 ‘Serious Faults’ in Conformation (which cannot be avoided due to the horse’s natural conformation) it will FAIL unnecessarily – all due to lack of training/presentation. NB:- 2015/2016/2017 horses showed a much higher standard of movement training and their good scores reflected this.
b)MEASUREMENT SECTION –
CLICK on ‘Grading Step by Step Photographic Record’ to download this essential document for owners intending to Grade their horses. The copyright to this document belongs to BAPSH Ltd and it is not for general or commercial reproduction.
Your horse must be trained to stand quietly and calmly for around 30minutes whilst this section is completed.
The measurements will be made using an expanding metal measuring stick with one or two sliding callipers attached which project from the stick at right-angles.
This can be a bit unnerving for a horse if you haven’t practised measuring it with a stick, so it is very important that you spend time accustoming your horse to having a solid stick placed all around his/her body, head, and neck. I suggest that you start your training with a short piece of lightweight wood, eg., dowelling, and progress to longer pieces as your horse’s confidence grows.
The LGPRE are quite clear about the requirement that the horse being assessed must stand quietly and calmly whilst being measured. They state that any horse that cannot be measured will be dismissed and have to come back another time with a brand new application and full fee.
Here are the measurements that will be made and a description of where they are taken to and from on the horse
Height at the withers: Measured from the highest point of the withers vertically down to the ground where the horse is standing.
- Height at point of croup: Measured from the highest point at the croup vertically down to the ground where the horse is standing.
- Scapular-isquial length: Horizontal distance from the point of shoulder to the point of buttocks (ischial prominence).
- Length of head: Length of the straight segment between the highest point of the poll and the edge of the upper lip.
- Width of head: Length of the straight segment between the most laterally extended points of the zygomatic arches. This requires the stick to be across the head with the callipers measuring the outside edges of the eye orbit bones.
- Length of neck: Length of the straight segment between the scapular spine (shoulder-blade) and the base of the ear.
- Width of chest: Distance across the front of the breast between the points of shoulder.
- Length of shoulder: Straight distance along the shoulderblade from the highest point of the withers to the point of shoulder.
- Length of forearm: Vertical straight distance between the line, parallel to the ground, traced from the elbow down to the middle of the carpal joint (at accessory bone level).
- Dorsal-sternum diameter: Vertical distance between the highest point of the withers and the underside of the sternum along the plane immediately behind the elbow.
- Bi-costal diameter: Horizontal distance between the widest points of the rib arches along the plane immediately behind the elbow. We don’t know if this measurement is taken from above or below the horse so advise practising both.
- Length of back: Horizontal distance between the low point of the withers and the end of the thoracic region.
- Length of loin: Horizontal Distance between the end of the thoracic region and the point of croup.
- Width of croup: Horizontal distance between the most lateral and caudal points of the tuber coxae. (the widest distance between the outer edges of the hipbones)
- Length of croup: Horizontal distance between the most cranial point of the tuber coxae and the most caudal of the tuber ischii. (ie. From the point of the hipbone nearest the head to the bit of the ischial prominence farthest away)
- Point of hip-stifle distance: Distance between the dorsal point of the tuber coxae (top of the point of hip) and the stifle.
- Buttock-stifle distance: Distance between the ventral point of the tuber ischii (underside of the point of buttock) and the stifle
- Length of gaskin: Distance between the stifle and the point of hock.
- Length of buttock: Distance that links the central point of the tuber ischii (point of buttock) and the start of the tendon (end of the muscle).
- Thoracic perimeter: The reference points are the lowest point of the withers and the sternum along the plane immediately behind the elbow. Ie circumference of the horse around girth area – this is measured with a steel tape measure.
- Perimeter of knee: Maximum perimeter of the transversal plane of the carpal bone.
- Perimeter of anterior cannon bone: Perimeter of the upper third of the metacarpal region.
- Angle of shoulder: Angle formed by the line of the length of the shoulder with the horizontal.
- Angle of croup: Angle formed by the line of the length of the croup with the horizontal.
- Proportionality index: Quotient between the height at the withers and the longitudinal diameter multiplied by 100 . This is a mathematical calculation taken from the previous measurements.
HORSES WLL BE DECLARED APPROVED FOR BREEDING (APTO)
If they have:-
NO SERIOUS DEFECTS + NO VERY SERIOUS DEFECTS
NO SERIOUS DEFECTS + 1 or 2 VERY SERIOUS DEFECTS
1 SERIOUS DEFECT + 1 VERY SERIOUS DEFECT
2 SERIOUS DEFECTS + 1 VERY SERIOUS DEFECT
3 SERIOUS DEFECTS + 0 VERY SERIOUS DEFECTS
4 SERIOUS DEFECTS + 0 VERY SERIOUS DEFECTS
HORSES WLL BE DECLARED NOT-APPROVED FOR BREEDING (NON-APTO)
If they have:-
1 DISQUALIFYING FAULT
3 OR MORE VERY SERIOUS FAULTS
5 OR MORE SERIOUS FAULTS
4 SERIOUS DEFECTS + 1 or MORE VERY SERIOUS FAULTS
3 SERIOUS DEFECTS + 1 or MORE VERY SERIOUS FAULTS
2 SERIOUS DEFECTS + 2 or MORE VERY SERIOUS FAULTS
1 SERIOUS DEFECTS + 3 or MORE VERY SERIOUS FAULTS
1.Height at Withers –
LESS than 152cm (59.85inches or a fraction under 15.0hh) Females,
LESS than 154cm (60.63inches or a ¼” under 15.1hh) Males
- Body too Long or too short in proportion to Height at Wither = Proportionality Index less than 95 or more than 105
- Fallen Crest – class 6 & class 7 – Crest Falling, 8 – More than Falling, 9 – Crest Fallen
- Ewe Neck – class 7 – Inverted Neck, 8 – More than Inverted, 9 – Very Inverted
- Head Front Profile – class 1-Ultra Concave, class 2- More than Concave, and class 9-Ultra-Convex
- Poor Fidelity to Breed Type – Awarded Less than 6 points
- Monorchid – not accidental (Only One Testicle descended)
- Cryptorchid – not accidental (NO Testicles descended)
- White marking on Front Right Leg – class 6 – Over Most of the Knee through to class 9 – Up to the Elbow
- White marking on Front Left Leg – class 6 – Over Most of the Knee through to class 9 – Up to the Elbow
- White marking on Hind Right Leg – class 6 – Over Most of the Hock through to class 9 – Up to the Stiflejoint.
- White marking on Hind Left Leg – class 6 – Over Most of the Hock through to class 9 – Up to the Stiflejoint.
- Blue Eyes not appropriate to the genetic coat colour
- Eyes of Different colours.
- White Marks on the Body (not accidental) 3cm or greater in diameter.
- White Marks that Invade Most of the Orbital arcade (arch) .VERY SERIOUS DEFECTS
- Fallen Crest – class 5 – Incipient
- Ewe Neck – class 6 – Between Slightly Inverted and Inverted
- Head Front Profile – class 3 – Concave
- Angle of Knee Side View – class 1 – Over at the Knee, & class 9 – Back at the Knee
- Angle of Knee Front View – class 1 – Bench Knee, & class 9 – Knock Kneed
- Angle of Hock Side View – class 1 – Very Closed, class 8 – More than Open , & class 9 – Very Open
- Angle of Hock Rear View – class 1 – Very Convergent, class 8 – More than Divergent, & class 9 – Very Divergent
- Dorsal-Lumbar line (backline) – class 1 – Convex (arched) , & class 9 – Very Concave (hollow)
- Direction of Front Hoof – class 1- Very Turned Out, class 8 – worse than Turned In, & class 9– Very Turned In
- Direction of Rear Hoof – class 1- Very Turned Out, class 8 – worse than Turned In, & class 9– Very Turned In
- White marking on Front Right Leg – class 5 – To the Knee.
- White marking on Front Left Leg – class 5 – To the Knee.
- White marking on Hind Right Leg – class 5 – To the Hock.
- White marking on Hind Left Leg – class 5 – To the Hock.
- Fallen Crest – class 4 – between ‘Not Straight’ and ‘Incipient’ (about to fall)
- Ewe Neck – class 5 – Slightly Inverted
- Head Front Profile – class 4 – Between Straight and Concave
4. Poor Overall Harmony – Awarded Less than 5 points
- Angle of Knee Side View – class 2–Somewhat Over , class 7–Slightly Back, & class 8–Somewhat Back at the Knee.
- Angle of Knee Front View –class 2–Somewhat Bench Kneed, class 7–Slightly Knock Kneed, & class 8 –Somewhat Knock Kneed.
- Angle of Hock Side View – class 2 – More than Closed, & class 7 – Open
- Angle of Hock Rear View – class 2 – More than Convergent, & class 7 – Divergent
- Dorsal-Lumbar line (backline) – class 8 – More than Concave (hollow), 7 – Concave.
- Direction of Front Hoof/s – class 2 – worse than Turned Out
- Direction of Rear Hoof/s – class 2 – worse than Turned Out
- Quality of Walk – Less than 5 points (out of 9)
- Quality of Trot – Less than 5 points (out of 9)
- Quality of Canter – Less than 5 points (out of 9)
- Height of Croup – croup more than 5cm higher than the wither
- Melanomas – class 9 – A Large Number present.
FAULTS ADDED to PRE Breed Standard April 2017 which will affect Breed Fidelity Marks
Rounded and protruding nostrils,
Thick upper lip,
Chunky upper lip with limited mobility,
Over-shot and under-shot jaw,
Head-neck union is chunky, hardly differentiated and very deep
Lack of harmony and a disproportion between body areas and dimensions
Higher at the point of the croup than at the withers
Presence of melanomas in the perineum
Movement with poor elevation
Movement – irregular
Movement with poor extension
Movement – dishing
Movement – ambling.